Ebola


Ebola also known as Ebola virus disease is one of the disease that is contracted by humans and primates.  The signs can appear from a couple days to up to a few weeks after the person has been in contact with the virus.  The symptoms are a sore throat, fever, and headaches, muscle pain that leads to diarrhea, vomiting, and then a rash and it also slows the functions in the liver and kidneys.  This is usually when the patient starts to bleed internally and externally.  This virus has a very high death rate almost half of the people that contract the virus die from it, this is because of lowered blood pressure and fluid loss, this usually happens about a week or two after the symptoms first appear.

The virus is spread by contact with infected blood or bodily fluids.  You can also contract it off of contaminated surfaces but the disease is not airborne.  Even after a person has recovered from the disease, they can still spread the virus through semen and breast milk, weeks and even months.  The virus is said to be carried by African fruit bats, which can spread it without dying.  Humans are usually infected by contact with these bats or other living or dead animals that they bats have infected.  Once a human is infected they can spread from human to human.  Diseases like cholera, meningitis, typhoid fever, malaria, and other hemorrhagic fevers can look like Ebola but blood testing for RNA, antibodies, or for Ebola can only diagnosis it.

Controlling an outbreak of Ebola requires medical services to detect it rapidly, trace who was in contact with the infected human, quick lab services, and proper care of the infected, the people that die from this should be properly cremated or buried to prevent further spread of the disease.  Prevention of the disease includes limiting contact with infected animals to humans.  When handling infected meat the person should wear protective clothing and cook the meat thoroughly before it can be consumed.  When you are around someone with the disease, you should wear protective clothes and wash your hands often.  Any bodily fluids should be handled with extreme caution.  There is no vaccine for this disease, it is treated with oral rehydration therapy and intravenous fluids and treating the symptoms.  Since the outbreak, there have been over thirteen thousand cases and over five thousand deaths.  

 
 

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