Plainly stated, theology is the study of God. There are various aspects to this subject and because of varying beliefs, there are different theories and interpretations as to who God is and whether or not there are more than one. But at the root of orthodox Christian theology there are three main categories that fall into this study. They include the attributes of God, what God expects from us, and what God is doing right now.
The attributes of God
At the heart of theology is the attributes of God. From a Christian perspective, these can be subdivided into three main sections:
- God is omnipresent, meaning he is everywhere at once. Since God is in spirit form, He can see everything and be everywhere at any given time.
- God is omniscient. This states that He knows everything; from the beginning of creation to its end. Past and future do not escape the mind of God according to this theory.
- God is omnipotent—an attribute many struggle with. This means that God can do anything because He is all powerful. This is beyond the comprehension of many, and shows itself in the question, “Can God create a rock too big to lift?” A forth attribute can be added here, which says that God is transcendent beyond logic, space and time; meaning of course that we cannot adequately comprehend His being in the first place.
How God relates to human beings
An important part of theology is understanding what God expects from people. Christians assert that God expects us to accept the sacrifice of His Son, Jesus Christ, as atonement for their sins. This includes repentance, faith, and righteous living.
This study explores what God is doing right now according to what we know from the Christian Bible. Orthodox Christians believe that God not only created the world, but that He is also actively involved in sustaining it every second of everyday. Another belief is that Christ, the Son of God, intercedes for His people—in that He acts as a High Priest on their behalf and initiates forgiveness for them.
Understanding one’s own theology is an important aspect of having a religious belief in the first place. This helps people to explain to others what they believe and why. It is also important to be able to give an answer to anyone who questions those beliefs for whatever reason.