Quiet Revolution

The quiet revolution is the name of the period in Quebec history from 1960-1966.In this period Quebec was governed by the Liberal Party of Jean Lesage.

Before the period of Quiet Revolution “Duplissisme”, named from the ex-prime minister Maurice Dupless was experienced by the community of Quebec. This era of “Duplessisme” brought with itself the traditionalism, conservatism and rejection of contemporary values. Regarding those factors the province fell behind, acquired negative characteristics and lived the “Dark Age” as so called today by many social scientists. Despite Maurice Dupless, Jean Lessage brought forth significant changes and activities. And these effforts by Jean Lesage modernised a province and a community.

The most significant change taking place in Quiet Revolution was the rejection of past values. Those values may be outlined as agriculturalism, anti-statism and messianism. By this way, Quebec faced a new phase of modernisation. Quebec became a more secular society having liberal attitudes. Apart from those issues only nationalism remained to be existent in a different manner.

Quiet Revolution period was also marked by intense social change. In this era, Quebec was flooded by the powerful currents of change. The decolonisation idea and the civil rights movement formed a gap which was difficult to adopt. But revolutionary ideas such as democratisation of political system, objectives of the educational network, equal and adequate accessibility for classes and regions to educational and social services, economic well-being for all and the establishment of a social safety were voiced and pursued strongly as well as in other parts of the world.

Along with the revolutionary changes in all segments of bureaucracy; the economical outcomes of the movement produced much healthier financial structure. Paying comparatively less taxes in the past, Quebec community started to pay much higher taxes as a result of becoming richer in this era. Planning in all areas of governing resulted in better solutions.

Modernisation and social change took place very rapidly in Quebec in such a short and concentrated period. Yet nationalism survived well throughout the period. The Quebec community redefined its own structure as being “Quebecois” rather than being a French Canadian. Quebec pursued the main benefits of itself rather than being apart from Canada.

By the Quiet Revolution, Quebec was reformed in to a new, wealthier, more secular society and province. The institutions of the past were abandoned, the old faith of Catholicism was left. There remained only language discussions to be debated over afterwards. Such a transformation should be an excellent example for the societies who would like to become much modernised and well structured community.


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